Dr. Petrica Buganu
Senior Researcher II
University of Bucharest, 2012
ext. 3431
theoretical nuclear structure
nuclear shape phase transitions, nuclear pairing, shape coexistence and mixing


Study of the nuclear shape phase transitions and of the corresponding critical points using different approaches as Bohr Model, Interacting Boson Model and Coherent State Model. The attention is focused more on the low-lying quadrupole collective states defining the ground band and the first beta and gamma bands. A special interest is accorded to the critical point of the phase transition from spherical shape to deformed one, where the shape is not clearly defined. In this point, depending on deformation, one can find shape fluctuations, mixing and coexistence, respectively.

It is well established the existence of the pairing interaction in the nuclear physics. A new more general pairing mechanism is further investigated, known as quartet or alphalike four-body structure. The later implies the coupling of two protons and two neutrons to total isospin T=0. The model, which involves such couplings, is known in literature as Quartet Condensation Model.


  1. R. Budaca, P. Buganu, A. I. Budaca, Bohr Model description of the critical point for the first order shape phase transitions, Phys. Lett. B 776, 26-31 (2018).
  2. R. Budaca, P. Buganu, M. Chabab, A. Lahbas, M. Oulne, Extended study on a quasi-exact solution of the Bohr Hamiltonian, Ann. Phys. (NY) 375, 65-90 (2016).
  3. P. Buganu, L. Fortunato, Recent approaches to quadrupole collectivity: models, solutions and applications based on the Bohr Hamiltonian, J. Phys. G: Nucl. Part. Phys. 43, 093003 (2016).
  4. A. A. Raduta, P. Buganu, Toward a new description of triaxial nuclei, Phys. Rev. C 83, 034313 (2011).
  5. D. Negrea, P. Buganu, D. Gambacurta, N. Sandulescu, Isovector and isoscalar proton-neutron pairing in N=Z nuclei, Phys. Rev. C 98, 064319 (2018).
Funding Agencies: